ADHD Girl Smiling With Present Background

Understanding
ADHD SYMPTOMS
AND HOW TO
TREAT THEM

What is ADHD?

ADHD is a condition that can negatively impact a person’s attention and behavior and can interfere with daily activities at school, at work, at home, and with friends. People who have ADHD have higher levels of inattention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity than their peers.

ADHD is one of the most common brain-based disorders that affects about 1 in 10 school-aged children. For more than half of those who have ADHD as a child, symptoms continue into adulthood.

What are the symptoms of ADHD?

Some common symptoms of ADHD include trouble paying attention or focusing, impulsive behaviors, and being overly active, and symptoms may range from mild to severe. Children with ADHD may act out without thinking about the results, have learning challenges, make careless mistakes, forget or lose things, and squirm or fidget when sitting.

Is there a cure for ADHD? Will my child grow out of it?

There is no scientifically proven cure for ADHD, and ADHD continues into adulthood in most cases. However, by developing strengths, structuring environments, and using the proper treatment plan—which may include parent/caregiver behavior training, school accommodations, and medication for treating ADHD—people with ADHD can manage their symptoms. Read about Tris Pharma treatments for ADHD, including Quillivant XR® (methylphenidate hydrochloride), QuilliChew ER® (methylphenidate hydrochloride), and DYANAVEL® XR (amphetamine).

Is ADHD genetic?

Research to date has shown that ADHD is a brain condition whose symptoms are also dependent on a number of factors, including family genetics. In fact, in 41% to 55% of families with at least one child with ADHD, at least one parent is also affected. Similarly, if a parent has ADHD, the child has up to a 57% chance of also having ADHD. If your child has been diagnosed with ADHD, you may want to discuss this with your own doctor to see if you may have ADHD.

Your child’s pediatrician may also suggest screening your other children. Siblings can even be a consideration when determining treatment. If an older sibling with ADHD has responded well to one kind of ADHD medication, pediatricians may often recommend the same medication for other children in the family with ADHD who require medication.

ADHD medication prescribed for your child should not be taken by you or your other children. Your children should not take, nor should you give them, ADHD medication prescribed for you.

If you have been diagnosed with ADHD and you have children, you should speak with their pediatrician to help identify any signs of ADHD that may be present in your children. ADHD is now one of the most common and most studied pediatric conditions. Due to greater awareness and better ways of diagnosing and treating this disorder, more children are being helped.

How do I find the right treatment for my child?

Talk to your child’s doctor. Be sure to communicate any questions or concerns you may have. That way, the doctor can properly evaluate your child and determine what is the best treatment path forward.

An ADHD treatment plan that includes non-medication treatments, like behavior therapy and parent training, may be used before medication is tried. If your child’s doctor determines that medication should also be part of your child’s treatment plan, there are different options available.

FDA-approved medications for the treatment of ADHD include stimulants and non-stimulants. Stimulant ADHD treatments fall into the category of methylphenidate or amphetamine. A healthcare professional’s decision to prescribe either a methylphenidate like Quillivant XR or QuilliChew ER or an amphetamine like DYANAVEL XR ultimately depends on a few key factors:

  • The patient’s individual needs
  • Prior experience with methylphenidates or amphetamines
  • Any other health conditions the patient may have or other medications the patient may be taking

What’s the difference between methylphenidates and amphetamines when treating ADHD?

Methylphenidates and amphetamines are both classified as stimulants. As they can work differently in the body, patients may respond differently to each.

Children who are newly diagnosed with ADHD and are prescribed ADHD medication for the first time usually start with a methylphenidate. Amphetamines, which tend to be a bit more potent and last longer, are typically prescribed to adults with ADHD, to teenagers who have previously taken a methylphenidate, or to those who do not respond to methylphenidates.

What other types of medications are available for ADHD?

Besides stimulants, like methylphenidates and amphetamines, non-stimulants are also used to treat ADHD. Non-stimulants may be prescribed to a patient when stimulant medications have either not been effective or have been shown to cause unwanted side effects for the patient. For patients whose ADHD has resulted in anxiety or depression, doctors may prescribe an antidepressant, as well.

Is it necessary to treat ADHD with medications?

Medication is only one option for treating ADHD. ADHD education, behavior therapy including skills training and parent training, and school accommodations can all play an important role in an ADHD treatment plan. While a combination of medication and behavior therapy is typically recommended, only your or your child’s doctor can help determine whether medication is necessary to manage ADHD symptoms.

Learn more about ADHD with resources available to you and your family.

Important Safety Information & Approved Use

DYANAVEL XR, Quillivant XR, and QuilliChew ER are federally controlled substances (CII) because they can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep these medicines in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away these medicines may harm others and is against the law. Tell your doctor if you, your child, or any family members have ever abused or been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines, or street drugs.

See Additional Important Safety Information.